LISBON - PLACES OF APRIL
On April 25, 1974, the Armed Forces Movement (MFA) carried out a coup d’état through military action, overthrowing the dictatorship of the Estado Novo and initiating a process that led to the establishment of a democratic regime in Portugal.
Contrary to previous attempts to overthrow the dictatorship, the military operation of 25 April covered the entire national territory and extended its actions to the Azores and Madeira as well as to the colonial territories, but it was in Lisbon that the bulk of the military maneuver was concentrated.
Several places in the city were linked to the action of the Armed Forces Movement and the conquest of Freedom, both those which were foreseen in the plan of operations and were the objects of the revolutionary forces, such as those in which there were clashes with regime forces or even those that became emblematic sites of the Revolution.
Lisbon brought together military forces from various parts of the country that, together with the forces based in the capital, here they developed the actions that consummated the liberation of the Portuguese and of Portugal. While other forces maneuvered in various parts of the country, in Lisbon participated forces from the city itself, such as the Battalion of Hunters No. 5 (BC5), the Practical School of Military Administration (EPAM), the Practical School of Transmissions (EPTms), the Engineering Regiment No. 1 (RE1), of Commando Groups created specifically for this purpose, as well as forces coming from Almada, Aveiro, Estremoz, Figueira da Foz, Mafra, Santa Margarida, Santarém, Serra da Carregueira, Tancos, Vendas Novas and Viseu.
These liberating actions carried out by the MFA forces dignified the April Captains and all participating military personnel, as well as the people who supported them unconditionally, ending several places of the city by being linked to April 25, to Liberdade and to the birth of Portuguese democracy.
It is these places that are now marked, remembering that no people can consent to the usurpation of their rights.